Temple of Venus and Rome, Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy
Forum: 7th century BCE-7th century CE; Temple: ca. 121-135 CE
This temple is located between the Basilica of Maxentius, the Colosseum and the Via Sacra at the eastern entrance to the Forum Romanum. The Temple of Venus and Rome was designed for Hadrian by Apollodorus of Damascus. It was built on an artificial platform, which was entered through gateways in a surrounding colonnade of nearly 200 columns of Egyptian granite and porphyry. The plan was pseudo-dipteral decastyle, and was still more unusual in that it had two cellas with apses placed back-to-back, and there was a pronaos at each front.
Not much remains, except the platform and parts of the vaulted cellas. The cella of Venus is visible from the Colosseum, the cella of Roma is now a part of the church Santa Francesca Romana. Remains of the columns from the two porticoes have been re-erected.
The Forum Romanum was the political and economic center of Rome during the Republic_access; it held many of the central political, religious and judicial buildings in Rome. It is located in a valley between Capitoline Hill on the west, Palatine Hill on the south, the Velia on the east, and Quirinal Hill and the Esquiline Hill to the north.
The Archivision Collection of Ancient Sites was funded by the Jack Martin Balcer Library Endowment.