Temple of Apollo, Pompeii, Italy

Pompeii: 6th century BCE-1st century CE
The temple has architectural features of both Italic and Greek derivation and has a rectangular plan with the perimeter being surrounded by 48 columns. The inner cella, raised on a podium, was reached by means of a long flight of steps. Evidence suggests an early building of the sixth century BCE rebuilt in its present form in the last period of the city. Pompeii, founded in the 6th century BCE by the Oscans (an Italic people), it came under Roman rule after the Samnite wars. By the first century CE it was a prosperous provincial capital with a population estimated between 20, 000 and 25,000 people. In 62 CE Pompeii experienced a major earthquake which resulted in heavy damage. The town was rapidly reconstructed and restored. The people and the administration used the damage as motivation to enrich their town with abundant architectural and artistic projects. Mount Vesuvius suddenly erupted in 79 CE, burying the town with approximately 20ft of pumice and ash. Excavations began in the 17th century. A large part of what we know about the daily life of ancient Romans is attributable to these excavations. The Archivision Collection of Ancient Sites was funded by the Jack Martin Balcer Library Endowment. Keywords: Italy, Campania, Napoli, Pompeii (deserted settlement), Mediterranean. Photographed by Scott Gilchrist, Archivision.