Ivan the Great Bell Tower complex: 1505-1815; Archangel's Cathedral: 1505-1508;
The Moscow Kremlin is a symbol of the Russian state and is one of the largest architectural complexes of the world, including architectural monuments of the 14th - 20th centuries. In 1990, the Moscow Kremlin and its treasures, Red Square and Aleksandrovskiy Sad (the Alexandrov Gardens) were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The Secret Tower (Tainitskaya, the left tower in the image) is the central tower of the southern Kremlin's wall built by Anton Fryazin. The height of the tower is 38.4m.
The Archangel's Cathedral (in the middle), built in 1505-1508 by Italian architect Aleviz Novy, was the first monument forming the ensemble of Cathedral Square. It is a large cross-and-cupola cathedral crowned with five traditional Russian domes.
The Ivan the Great Bell Tower complex (on the right) separates Cathedral Square from Ivanov Square. It was constructed over more than three centuries (1505-1815) and includes three elements built at different times: the pillar of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower, the Uspenskaya (Assumption) Belfry and the Filaret's Annex.
This image was taken in 1969 by John Schooley, FAIA, during an Urban America tour. Urban America tours allowed architects and planners to visit New Towns and meet professionals involved in their planning and continued development.
Keywords: Russian Federation, Rossiya, Moskva, Moscow, towers, ceremonial and religious structures. Submitted by John Schooley, FAIA.
15th Century (1400 - 1499 CE) 16th Century (1500 - 1599 CE) 17th Century (1600 - 1699 CE)