The Patriarch's Palace: 1653-1655; Ivan the Great Bell Tower complex: 1505-1815; Assumption Cathedral: 1475-1479
The Moscow Kremlin is a symbol of the Russian state and is one of the largest architectural complexes of the world, including architectural monuments of the 14th - 20th centuries. In 1990, the Moscow Kremlin and its treasures, Red Square and Aleksandrovskiy Sad (the Alexandrov Gardens) were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The Patriarch's Palace (front left in the image) was built by Russian craftsmen for Patriarch Nikon. It includes the two-story chamber building, the three-story building of living quarters and offices and the church of the Twelve Apostles raised on high passage arches. The Patriarch's Palace now also houses an exhibition presenting specific features of 17th century Russian culture.
The Ivan the Great Bell Tower complex (back left in the image) separates Cathedral Square from Ivanov Square. It was constructed over more than three centuries (1505-1815) and includes three elements built at different times: the pillar of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower, the Uspenskaya (Assumption) Belfry and the Filaret's Annex.
The Assumption Cathedral (right in the image) was erected in 1475-1479 by Aristotle Fioravanti. It is a large six-pillared building with five apses and five domes and is built of white stone block.
This image was taken in 1969 by John Schooley, FAIA, during an Urban America tour. Urban America tours allowed architects and planners to visit New Towns and meet professionals involved in their planning and continued development.
Keywords: Russian Federation, Rossiya, Moskva, Moscow, towers, ceremonial and religious structures, government buildings. Submitted by John Schooley, FAIA.
15th Century (1400 - 1499 CE) 16th Century (1500 - 1599 CE) 17th Century (1600 - 1699 CE)