Landscape designed: 1705-1716; Bridge and Palace designed: 1705-1724; landscape redesigned and lake added: 1764-
Blenheim Palace was built as a reward for John Churchill's, the first Duke of Marlborough's, services in defending Holland and Austria from invasion by the French during a war that took place on August 13, 1704 near a small village called Blenheim. Queen Anne granted to Marlborough the Royal Manor of Woodstock and signified that she would build him, at her own expense, a house to be called Blenheim. Building began in 1705 and was stopped momentarily in 1712 for monetary reasons, but continued following Queen Anne's death in 1714.
Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, designed by Henry Wise (1705-16) and Lancelot "Capability" Brown (after 1764). Center, Wise's straight approach road to palace with bridge over the River Glyme (later dammed by Brown to form the lake). Bridge and palace designed by Sir John Vanbrugh. 1705-1724
Keywords: United Kingdom, England, Oxfordshire, Woodstock, Blenheim Palace, residential landscape, planned landscape, lake, grounds, palace, bridges, aerial view. Contributed by Raffaella Fabiani-Giannetto for LARCH 201.
18th Century (1700 - 1799 CE)
Rogers, E. B. (2001). Landscape design: a cultural and architectural history. New York : Harry N. Abrams. p. 250.